A Scrum Sprint is a time framework that is set on a “Done” output with high-value product. It is dividing chunks of bigger tasks into smaller ones that give value to the output. It falls in between the Sprint agile methodology and can be considered as an action that covers other scrum events such as Scrum Review, Daily Scrums, and Sprint Retrospective. The duration of a sprint can be compared with a scrum event that has a maximum duration. It usually takes less than a month and is only limited to a month timeframe.
The regular meetings with the team is a setting led by a Scrum Master where they can discuss complications over the projects’ progress while working out the plan. It is best used for agile project management like advanced products in the market or Web Technology that has rapidly-changing needs like software development. The output of the sprint is a fixed deliverable.
Scrum Sprint – The Details
Scrum Sprint existed in the early 1990s when Ken Schwaber collaborated with Chris Martin and Mike Smith while Jeff Sutherland was on the job with Jeff McKenna. During the OOPSLA conference, Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber introduced it in the year 1995. (OOPSLA is yearly ACM research conference. OOPSLA is usually held in the United States. It is operated by the Special Interest Group for Programming Languages group of the Association for Computing Machinery.)
The best characteristic of Sprint is its fixed deliverable on a given timeframe. At first, the Scrum team plans and sets goals during the sprint planning and work it out during the meetings. In the process of Sprint, it will be reviewed and if changes are needed for the product, then improvements will be done to avoid further changes. This is where “Sprint Backlog” takes place and will release a version of the product being the output. To achieve this, it requires to have transparency, constant follow-up and adjustments as core values for the scrum team. Transparency guarantees that the team members have a mutual agreement of what is considered to be “done”. Follow-ups and Adjustments minimize the changes so that when the sprint is done, it can give a high-value product to the output. After the Sprint, another Sprint is up next.
The Product Owner is the one who takes responsibility for the current position in the progress and for putting value to the product. A Product Owner should be one person that may represent a company or a committee. Here is the job description for this role:
The Development Team is the one responsible for the execution of the items in the Sprint Backlog. There may be different tasks or assignments for each member of the development team but as a whole, they are responsible for the progress of the project.
A Sprint Backlog is known to be a subset of Product Backlog that is chosen for a Sprint to be a part of the deliverable. The items in the Sprint Backlog is where the Development Team elects a “Done” product.
A Daily Scrum is a permanent time and place where the Development Team is allowed to coordinate and strategize the sprint planning for the next 24 hours referred to the work done from the last meeting with the team. Here are basic questions in a Daily Scrum where Development Team will elaborate on their progress:
- What were the tasks done yesterday that will assist the progress of the Sprint Goal?
- What are the things that I will do today to achieve my Sprint Goal?
- What will be the possible obstacle I foresee in achieving my Sprint Goal?
The meeting takes 10-15 minutes but is subject for other detailed discussions with other team members.
The scheduled meeting after the sprint ends is called the Sprint Review. The users and the team will check how much work has been done. This is where the Product Owner will adjust and use Product Backlog if needed. Sprint Review is a procedure wherein the follow-up and adjustments take place after every sprint.
The Sprint Retrospective is the event after the Sprint Review and before the Sprint Planning where it may take 1-3 hours of meeting for a Scrum Sprint. The team should be present and this is where the Scrum Master makes sure that the meeting happens and make everyone understand the purpose of the meeting.
Planning and Execution
A Scrum project is an indication to form an advantage in the system. The team members may not be able to see the need for this scrum project but as the progress goes on, they will certainly see the end product for the system being used. The Product Owner’s role is to make the framework of the plan with the use of the Product Backlog and convey the concept ideas to the users that will finance the project. There can be a prioritized Project Backlog where core functionality is nominated with the highest importance. The other features will be left incremental as the development of the product goes. The main goal is to turn this prioritized list into “Done” product.
A Sprint begins with a Sprint Planning Meeting that lasts for a month or less. The meeting is a venue where the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team discuss the important items in the Product Backlog. The Development Team will then give their feedback, views, and opinion on the attainability of the tasks being assigned to them. When everyone agrees in the meeting, the tasks will be finalized and will be discussed then delegated to the Development Team members according to their roles and functionalities. After that, the Development Team will meet to discuss how the plan of work goes.
Daily Scrums are done to follow-up and discuss the current position in the progress of work and any obstacle they have encountered. When an obstacle arises, adjustments are done quickly to the changes that are needed.
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